Innsbruck Tyrol


Tyrol is a federal state of Austria and located in the Western part of the country between Italy and the Southern part of Germany.

After the defeat of Austria in the first world war, Tyrol was divided into two pieces. The Northern and the Eastern part of Tyrol stayed in Austria, and the Southern part was taken by Italy as victory trophy.

The scenery of Tyrol is strongly influenced by Alpine mountains. The highest moutains of Tyrol are the Ortler (3905 m), Königspitze (king's top) in Southern Tyrol, the Grossglockner (3798 m) in Eastern Tyrol and the Wildspitze (wild top) in den Ötztaler Alps in Northern Tyrol.

The area of Tyrol is colonized since more than 10.000 years. The first culture in Tyrol was the mining culture. The oldest metallurgical plant was found in Brixlegg and dates from the year 4.000 BC. The exploitation was dominated by copper.


The time before the Roman Empire was called "La-Tčne". In that period the inhabitants of Tyrol consists of people who were expelled by Celtic tribes from their original settlements. Most of those expelled people were Illyric by origin. In the year 15 BC the first Roman soldiers came and Tyrol was taken by the Roman Empire. Drusus and Tiberius were the names of the two responsible Roman generals who realized the successful campaign.

In the period of the late antiquity (since 476) Tyrol belonged to the Italian empire of the Eastern Gothics. The Italian empire broke down in 500, and Bavarians were coming from the North to settle in Tyrol.

Since that time Tyrol was a part of the duchy Bayern. In 1363 Tyrol became a part of Austria when the mighty lady "Margarethe von Tyrol" gave her land as a valuable present to Rudolf IV of Habsburg. I have no idea about the reason of such a generous gift. In that time Tyrol has a very high strategic importance for the Habsburg dynasty.



Fountain in the Tyrolean village of Ladis.